Conservacion Patagonica IDIOMA: ESPAÑOL

Climate Mitigation and Adaptation

Through launching one of the world's largest grassland recovery efforts, Conservacion Patagonica is making a globally significant contribution to mitigating climate change. Meanwhile, protecting this ecologically important area, which contains an unusual gradient of habitats, provides the species of Patagonia with a critical opportunity to adapt to a changing climate. In tackling the two most pressing environmental issues of our age—climate change and the extinction crisis—the future Patagonia National Park displays how a local conservation initiative can benefit the planet at large.

Healthy grasslands sequester substantial amounts of carbon dioxide as they grow; although not as discussed in the climate change discourse as forests, grasslands play a central role in regulating the planet's climate. Since most grasslands have a high annual rate of growth, they absorb a large amount of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere, using it to make energy and produce new plant matter.

As grasslands revive, they sequester far larger
quantities of carbon dioxide

The range of habitats, from valley bottoms
to high peaks, means that species have room
to adapt to a changing climate

When grasslands grow damaged and degraded through overgrazing, they produce less biomass, and thus take up less carbon dioxide. In addition, overgrazing encourages exotic annual species to take the place of deeper-rooted native species, which generally reduces the carbon uptake of grasslands by a factor of three or more.

Through restoring formerly damaged grasslands on a large scale, the Patagonia National Park project makes a significant contribution to reducing greenhouse gases. Furthermore, as a model initiative, it has the potential to influence grassland restoration on a larger scale across the Patagonia region.

Moreover, the range of habitats that the park protects provides species with the space they need to adapt and shift to new locations based on a changing climate. The vertical gradient, from lush valley floor to high peaks, ensures that plants and animals can move up in altitude as temperatures increase, crucial to avoid localized extinctions. Few protected areas in the region and in the world contain this range of habitats, making this area particularly important to protect and restore.